Carl Jung was a swiss psychiatrist and a pioneer in the field of psychotherapy and the study of the unconscious he died in 1961 but the wisdom and theories have influenced, mystics, physicians, and occult scholars for generations. and he plays a part today in out topic of the shadow self,
Even as a boy, Jung found himself drawn to the occult. This would become the root of his break with Freud. Unlike Freud, Jung was interested in aspects of the unconscious that could not be attributed to an individual’s personal development but derived from the deeper non-personal realms common to humankind – the collective unconscious, whose contents he called “archetypes”. Jung came to realise that understanding the collective unconscious involved using images and symbols from alchemy and myth. Carl Jung was a “spiritual thinker” a man “who offered Western culture a way back to religion that places no shame on being human.” Spiritual teacher, codependency therapist and author, Robert Burney, agrees with Jung: “We are not sinful, shameful human creatures who have to somehow earn Spirituality. We are Spiritual Beings having a human experience.
Jung identified four major archetypes, but also believed that there was no limit to the number that may exist. Continue reading
The Pantheon of Hindu Gods is vast. Yet, in fact, Hindus are a monotheistic religion worshiping one God. Hindus believe that there is only one ultimate reality; Brahman.
Brahman is a supreme spirit that permeates everything. Brahman is entirely impersonal, and entirely impossible to describe. Everything in the universe is part of Brahman, but Brahman is more than the sum of everything in the universe.
The Hindu gods; Shiva, Parvati, Krishna, Vishnu, Lakshmi, Ganesh, Nataraja, Devi, Saraswati, Shakti, Buddha, Kali, Murugan, Patanjali, and Hanuman serve as a way in which devotees can see, touch and feel this unknowable God, Brahman. They give the layperson a tangible, knowable aspect of the Supreme Being.
Each of the Gods represent one aspect of Brahman. Each Hindu God of the trimurti of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are each part of the godhead and each are responsible for one aspect of him. Brahma is the creator and creates all things in the cosmos. Shiva takes on the destructive aspect of Brahman. Vishnu preserves the Dharma, the working order of the universe. Each God is one aspect of the Supreme Being.
“There can really be as many Hindu Gods as there are devotees
to suit the moods, feelings, emotions & social background of the devotees.”
~Sri Rama Krishna~
The Great Rite is a form of sympathetic magic, performed to represent the marriage of the God and Goddess and also fertility. It is performed at Beltane, which is a spring festival that is based on fertility. Spring is the season in which farmer begin planting the first crops. In a group setting it is done symbolically only, and is often only performed by the priest and priestess represent the God and Goddess. It involves the invocation of the God and Goddess into the priest and the priestess.
To me the Great Rite is symbolic of fertility. It is a ritualistic way of representing this and as mentioned above, I have often associated it with the union of the God and Goddess and the young God transcending into manhood. It is also a way of celebrating the start of spring and renewal of the earth. I see it as a very intimate ritual regardless of whether it is done symbolically or not, and as a rite that requires mutual trust and respect between the Priestess and Priest.
The Great Rite, as mentioned before, takes place in Beltane and is part of the ritual for that Sabbath. The Five Fold Kiss or dancing at the May Pole often takes place before the rite is performed. In the case of the May Pole, the maypole, which is a phallic symbol, represents the God and the flowers and the ribbons represent the Goddess. It is important to note that a rite is not a full ritual in itself, but rather a small portion of a larger ritual. During the rite, the priest and the priestess will invoke the God and Goddess into each other, which is a must in order to perform the Great Rite in any form. It is also part of the third degree initiation of the Gardnerian tradition, which often takes place on Beltane. How the Great Rite will be performed will be thoroughly discussed between the initiate and the priest and priestess to ensure everyone will be comfortable as it is important that everyone is at ease when raising the spiritual energy. In a group setting, the Great Rite is usually done symbolically. This may be done by inserting an athame into the chalice full of wine, with the priestess holding the chalice and the priest holding the athame. Even in it’s symbolic form it must be consensual, which means that before doing this, the priest asks the priestess permission and she need to give it before he lowers the athame into the chalice. Not all covens will perform the Great Rite and very few will actually partake in intercourse during the rite. In the rare times, when the Great Rite is performed in its physical form, it is of great importance, that this is done between two people who already are a couple who have a loving relationship with each other. If intercourse is used in the rite, it will be done in private. However, again, most covens and working partners perform the Great Rite symbolically. Another reason it is done, is to ask for blessing from the universe in order to ensure that that fields would be fertile and crops would grow successfully so that food supply would be plentiful. The Great Rite is also used to enact the sacred marriage of the God and the Goddess. For this reason, it is sometimes performed at handfastings, which are traditional at Beltane. However in this situation, the bride and the groom perform the Great Rite instead of the priest and priestess.
Modern-day science aligned with an ancient understanding about the true nature of reality, and how we can work with it to bring about change on our planet
Evoke, in it’s most basic definition, means that the person who is performing a ritual or casting a spell is inviting energies, entities or higher powers into their sacred space. When a person does this during their working, they work influenced by the feelings and the energy they are picking up from the entity or the deity. However are still consciously and fully in control of their own words and actions, as opposed to an invocation, where the person is acting as the entity or higher power. The energies from the entity or higher power are with the person in their circle, or in some cases, even outside the circle rather than within the practitioner.
To many, evocation is inviting the elements, deities and other energies to work with the person who is doing the casting, externally. Working with them rather than as them. They are not asked to come inside the practitioner. They are simple being asked to join the person performing the ritual in their rites. The energy of the external force has some influence as the practitioner can feel their energy as can work with it but they are working as themselves, not as the deity or entity. It also makes sense to me to realise that the invitation to the entity or deity may be rejected if the person does not have any familiarity with the higher power in which they are attempting to invite within their sacred space. Calling the quarters and the Goddess are the most familiar evocations to me, now that I know what “to evoke” means.
In modern pagan practices, as mentioned above, many traditions, Wicca especially use evocation in the process of casting their sacred and protective circle. In this it is very common for a group or a solitary practitioner to call the elements to join their in their working. This is known as calling the quarters. The elements being Earth, Air, Fire and Water. Akasha is generally believed to be present anyway and many, including myself after doing the research, do not feel the need to evoke it.
In its most basic meaning, invoke means to invite within yourself. This refers to calling on spiritual entities or even simply spiritual energies and calling on them in a certain manner, to come inside you in order to work with their energies alongside your own. When done to invite an deity inside the person persons body, it is an appeal or a prayer to God and Goddess in some cases. This is done to make a connection to these higher powers and is one of the most effective methods of doing so, and as a result, the person performing the invocation will become more aware of the God and Goddess within them. This is also known as summoning but many prefer to think of it as inviting, as they believe to summon is “impolite” to the entity or the higher power. When done sensibly, it is almost always done for a specific purpose, which I will explain further along. It is always best in the case of invoking a deity to get to know them, and to understand them as much as possible before attempting to invoke them. Having a prior connection and being familiar with the deity is quite important for the outcome of the working and also for the persons safety and well-being.
To me this word means to invite the higher power or entity to work as one with me, combining our energies to meet the goal. It is the uniting of both the energy of the persons and the outside force. In This way, a person can share the characteristics of the entity or higher power. Although I am new to learning about this term, as I had it wrong before, this makes sense to me. People, to my understanding, also perform the invocation of the pentagram for reasons I will explain below.
In modern pagan practice, invocations are often done in the form of prayers or appeals to a god of goddess in order to obtain what the person desires. It is a way of raising energy that the practitioner may otherwise not be able to raise on their own. Invocation must not be used for trivial matters. Most trivial matters can be solved mundanely and the higher powers do not like to be disturbed by matters that do not warrant their input. One example of something a person may use this method for is healing. The Great Rite, which will be covered in detail in it’s own essay, is another example of invocation in Wicca. During this, the High Priest and the High Priestess invoke the God and the Goddess into each other. Another way of raising energy, which involves invocation is a rite called Drawing down the moon. This is another way for the Priest to invoke the spirit of the Goddess into his Priestess. It is always done on a full moon. The Priestess then speaks in the words of the Goddess during the ritual. As well as a very effective method for raising energy within a ritual, this rite is done in order to channel the Goddess, within the working, as mentioned above. It is also possible for a solitary witch to perform the rite of drawing down the moon, invoking the energy into themselves, rather than another person. Alternatively, a male witch practising alone or in a group, may use the drawing down the sun ritual which is mostly only used during the Winter and Summer Solstices. It is however performed in a similar fashion and for a similar purpose, only this time, they are invoking the spirit of the God. Likewise, a female practitioner can invoke the Goddess in drawing down the moon without a priest doing so for her. Many, however, although some disagree, say that neither of these rites can be performed alone and must be done in a group or as a pair. Another invocation used in Wicca, is the invocation of the pentagram. It is often used in the invocation and the banishing of the elements. This is sometimes done for the purpose of sealing a naming of an object according to one of my sources. (Kate West) Invocation is a large part in ceremonial magic. It is very advisable to have a solid ground in banishing before invoking any form of energy. This applies also to simply invoking the elements, as it is important to be able to send away any energies or entities back into the universe or otherwise as not doing so properly may cause issues for the practitioner later.
To understand this term is important because invocation is part of a lot of ritual and spell work. In order to properly and successfully invoke any higher power, entity, any kind of energy or even the elements, it is vital to know why this is being done. Without knowing why, all the person will be doing is acting out actions and saying certain words. The intent has to be there and to focus the intent, the person need to understand in detail what to invoke something means and the purpose of what they are are doing.