The Tuath de Dannan or the people of danu were so named because they were thought to have been descendant of the Goddess Danu.They existed thousands of years ago in Ireland between the years of 1897 BC and 1700 BC, they were said to have been an ancient tribe of tall beautiful people who were talented warriors, poets, musicians and sportsmen. As well being a mythological race of deities, they were a race of heroes in Irish history.
Their arrival in Ireland was quite the dramatic entrance, both in historical and mythological context. In historical accounts they arrived on the west coast of Ireland, from a great mist on large ships.
They burned their boats to ensure they would not leave this new land and settle into it, making it their home. In mythology, they arrived in Ireland on ships floating through the sky but could not land due to protective force fields cast by the Fomorians around the country. They sailed around Ireland nine times before they could find a weak spot in the energy field, which they sailed through and set down. They came from four different mythical cities, these were called Falias, Gorias, Findias and Murias.
They were the rulers of Ireland during this time, after winning the battle ( the first battle of Moytura) with Irelands previous rulers, the Fir Bolg, who they allowed to remain rulers of Connaught out of respect for their fine fighting skills displayed during the battle.
They were a cultured people who brought new skills and customs to Ireland. They were held to high esteem because of this and were respected despite having invaded the country.
The Tuath de Danna brought four treasures with them to Ireland, one each from each of the four cities which they were said to have come from. These four treasures had valuable attributes which assisted them greatly. These were the Lia Fail or stone of destiny, the Magic Sword of Nuada, the sling shot of Lugh and the Cauldron of Daghda.
Lia fail (stone of destiny)
The slia fail was said to have been brought to Ireland by the de Dannan from the city of Falias. It’s magical properties include being able to tell when the rightful king of Ireland was standing on it and would emit a scream when he stood on it. It was placed on the Hill of Tara which was known as the Seat of Kings in Ireland
Nuadas sword was thought to have been brought from the city of Findias by King Nuada of the Tuath de Dannan. When used, it would strike his opponents dead in a single blow. All blows struck with this sword were fatal.
Spear of Lugh
The spear brought by lugh was brought from the city of Gorias. No shot fired from this weapon was missed as it’s power was unfailing accuracy. Other sources claim that lughs weapon was in fact a sling shot rather than a spear.
Daghdas Cauldron was brought from Murias. This cauldron gave an endless supply of food, enough to satisfy any mans hunger and to feed an army and will not empty by means of the food simply running out. It is also said that any injured warrior placed in the cauldron when empty will be instantly healed, even if they are on the brink of death.